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GENERAL VOCABULARY

  

Ap - Front 

Baro - Back to Ready 

Bunseok / Bunkai -
Bunseok (Korean term) or Bunkai (Japanese/Okinawan term) is a term literally meaning "analysis" or "disassembly", which refers to the "analysis" or "disassembly" of technique application, like kyusho-jutsu (vital point striking), tegumi (grappling), kansetsu waza (joint locks and dislocations), shime waza (chokes), and atemi waza (general striking techniques), which are mainly found in the forms (hyungs or katas) and then further taught in street defenses and sparring.

Charyut - Attention 

Jirugi - Punch 

Chogyo - Assistant Instructor 

Bal Chagi - Kick 

Chong Shin - Spirit 

Chun Bi or Joonbee - Ready 

Dan - a black belt level 

Do - "The Way", way of fighting, way of doing, or way of thinking (Referring to a Philosophical Stand Point) (As noticed in "Tae Kwon Do")

Dobok - uniform

Do Jang - school 

Doyle - Round 

Dwi Ro Dorah - Turn Around 

Gup - a belt level below black belt 

Hoshinsool - Self Defense 

Hyung - Form or Pattern 

Ki Ap - A yell, which is the expelling of air from the lungs used in harmony with technique to help produce power in technique. This is done by tightening down the abdomen muscles used with one's center (center of gravity) and one's "Dun Jun". "Dun Jun" is commonly referred to as the body's epi-center or the focal zone of the body's "Ki" energy. 

Ki Cho Hyung - ("Ki Cho" is usually referred to as "Gicho") - fundamental form {Important Note - The Kicho forms derive from the Okinawan / Japanese Styles. This is especially noticeable in Shotokan Karate in the Taikyoku Shodan, Nidan, and Sandan Katas. These forms are a practice in Tae Kwon Do, but what makes them more Tae Kwon Do forms than Japanese or Okinawan forms is in the variance and application of technique.}

Ku Mahn - Stop or End 

Kupsoh - Vital Point 

Kwon - Fist or Hand (As noticed in "Tae Kwon Do") 

Kyukpa - Breaking 

Kyung Re or Kyungrae - Bow 

Kyuroogi - Sparring 

Mahkgi - Block 

Pyeongan Hyeong - (Pyeongan or Pyong Ahn - Peace/Tranquillity ; Hyeong - Hyung) - The 5 Korean Form series that derived from and was named after the Japanese Shotokan Karate "Heian" Forms and the Okinawan Karate "Pinan" Forms. {Important Note - These forms are a practice in Tae Kwon Do, but what makes them more Tae Kwon Do forms than Japanese or Okinawan forms is in the variance and application of technique.}

Sahbumnim - Master, Instructor, and / or Teacher

Shi 0 or Shiuh - Rest or Relax 

Shi Jak - Begin or Start 

Sudo - Knife Hand 

Tae - Foot (As noticed in "Tae Kwon Do") 

Taekyon or Taekkyon - This is a traditional Martial art stemming from Subak during a time period of 57 B.C. to 935 A.D. It uses many sweeps with straight forward low kicks using the ball of the foot and the heel and flowing crescent like high kicks. There are many kicks that moved the leg outward from the middle and inward from the outside using the side of the heels and the side of the feet. The art also used tricks like inward trips, wall jumping, fake outs, tempo, and slide stepping. the art is also like a dance which the fighter constantly changes his or her stance from his or her left to his or her right by stepping forward and backwards while his or her arms are up and ready to guard. 

Yeonmugwan - 

Yeonmugwan(Yeonmugwan training hall)

   

This hall was part of a martial arts training center. 
It was built during the construction of Namhansanseong Fortress in 1624, the second year of King Injo. 
Those who excelled in martial arts were selected at this hall for service in the capital of Hanyang (Seoul). 
The hall was called Yeonmudang until it was repaired by Garrison Commander Kim Jaeho on the order of King Sukjong who also bestowed on it a signboard reading "Yeonbyeonggwan." The name was changed to Sueoyeong during the reign of Kign Jeongjo but still the hall was generally called Yeonbyeonggwan or Yeonmugwan. 
Built in the single wing-bracket style, the structure has a hipped-and-gabled roof and a floor made of wooden tiles. 

The Namhansanseong Walled Fortress has been one of the most important strategic sites ever since the beginning of the Three Kingdom period in Korean history. The three kingdoms constantly fought over the control of the fortress along with Hangang (Han River) in order to rule the whole peninsula.
After the capital of Baekje (one of the three kingdoms) was settled in Wiryeseong of Hanam, the people regarded this fortress as a divine mountain that guarded their kingdom from the enemy.
This may be the reason why the shrine for Onjo, the father of Baekje, has been placed within this fortress. Later, during the Joseon Kingdom period especially from the reign of King Seonjo to King Sunjo, Namhansanseong functioned as the main fort in guarding the kingdom from enemies.
Among the many kings of Joseon dynasty, King Injo had spent many days in building the fortress, evacuating from the capital, and fighting against enemies.

Yope - Side 

Yudanja - Black Belt

Yun Moo Kwan - Our style of Tae Kwon Do is Yun-Moo Kwan in honor of and deriving from Cho-sun Yun-Moo Kwan.  The name, “Cho-Sun,” means, “Morning calm,” and was the name of Korea during the Yi Dynasty (1392-1910AD). Since August 15, 1945, North Korea has used this name for their country. South Korea used “Cho-Sun” for their country name until the Korean Peninsula became divided at the 38th parallel on August 15, 1945. The name, “Yun-Moo Kwan,” means “researching (or “study”) martial arts school.”

 

COMMON PHRASES:  

Thank you or thank you for your instruction - Kam Sa Ham Ni Da

You are welcome - Ch'on Man E Yo

Class Dismissed - Hae San

 

NUMERICAL TERMINOLOGY:

Ha Na - 1

Dool - 2

Set - 3

Net - 4

Da Sot - 5

Yo Sot - 6

Il Gop - 7

Yo Dol - 8

Ah Hop - 9

Yul - 10  

 

Il - 1st

Ea - 2nd

Sam - 3rd

Sa - 4th

Oh - 5th

Yuk - 6th

Chil - 7th

Pahl - 8th  

Gu - 9th

Ship - 10th